Dehydrators and Dehydration: The Science Behind Food Waste To Fertiliser

Published on
November 22, 2023
The science behind how food waste dehydrators turn scraps into organic fertiliser.

In a world where sustainability and environmental consciousness are increasingly important, finding innovative solutions to combat food waste has become a priority. The advent of food waste dehydration machines has ushered in a transformative approach to dealing with excess food. Thanks to the advanced technology employed by the machines, they not only reduce waste but also hold the potential to convert food scraps into valuable resources in the form of organic fertiliser. 

The Dehydration Process: A Brief Overview
Food waste dehydration machines operate on a simple yet ingenious principle – the removal of moisture from organic materials. This process, known as dehydration, involves subjecting food scraps to controlled heat and airflow conditions, effectively drying them out. At the same time, powerful blades pulverise the waste, reducing it to a dirt-like composition. The result is a substantial reduction in the weight and volume of the waste, making it easier to handle and transport.

The Science of Decomposition
To understand the science behind food waste dehydration and its transformation into fertilisers, it's essential to grasp the natural decomposition process. When organic matter decomposes, it breaks down into basic components such as carbon, nitrogen and other essential nutrients. These components are crucial for healthy plant growth and are the building blocks of effective fertilisers. However, natural decomposition processes occur anaerobically, or in the absence of oxygen. This results in the release of harmful greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide. Additionally, the natural presence of moisture means that naturally decomposed organic matter contains bacteria and harmful pathogens.

The Critical Difference of Dehydration Machines
The most crucial differences that dehydration machines offer is the ability to break down food matter in a way that retains nutrients, eliminates bacteria and prevents the release of harmful emissions. By removing moisture with heat, the growth of bacteria, mould and other decomposers is inhibited. This preservation prevents the breakdown of valuable nutrients, ensuring they remain intact throughout the process. Simultaneously, as the food waste is aerated, harmful greenhouse gases are prevented from being released. The end result is a safe, sterile and nutrient-packed organic fertiliser.

This natural soil amendment can then be used to enhance soil quality, improve water retention and provide plants with the essential nutrients they need to thrive.

Benefits Beyond Waste Reduction
The science behind food waste dehydration machines extends beyond waste reduction and nutrient preservation. It aligns perfectly with circular economy principles by closing the loop on nutrient cycles. By repurposing food waste into fertilisers, we reduce the need for synthetic fertilisers, which can have harmful environmental impacts. Additionally, the use of these natural fertilisers promotes healthier soil ecosystems and reduces greenhouse gas emissions associated with landfill decomposition.

Thanks to this advanced technology, individuals and businesses now harness the power to support sustainable agriculture and contribute to a more environmentally conscious future. Our range of enrich360® dehydrators not only reduce waste, but also play a pivotal role in creating a circular and sustainable food system that benefits us all.